Category Archives: collateral mortgages

De-mystifying mortgage penalties

Research has shown that over 83 per cent of people break their mortgages early, resulting in their incurring hefty mortgage penalties that sometimes far exceed the annual interest on a mortgage. People break their mortgages early for several reasons, including relocation, the end of a marriage relationship, loss of a job, to take equity out to invest elsewhere and for many other reasons. A mortgage penalty is a fee built into the contract to prevent or make it difficult for you to break the mortgage, in addition to compensating the provider for the loss of interest income. Different mortgage providers calculate the penalty in different ways, which is why it is always a good idea to shop around before settling on one particular provider. Also crucial is ensuring that you read the fine print before signing the mortgage document, so that you have an idea of the penalties (if any), that you are likely to incur in the event that you break the mortgage.
How mortgage penalties are calculated
Traditionally, banks and other lenders have used two main methods to calculate mortgage penalties. This means that in the past, you were assured of paying a standardised penalty depending on which method the bank used. As a rule, you could then expect to pay the greater sum calculated under the following methods:
The three month interest method: Here, you basically calculate the interest due on your next three mortgage repayments and pay the three month total.
Interest Rate Differential (IRD): The IRD is calculated by multiplying your mortgage balance by the difference between your original mortgage interest rate and the current interest rate that the lender can expect to charge upon reselling the mortgage.
The first method has typically been applied on variable rate mortgages, while fixed rate mortgages would use the ‘higher amount’ rule where they pick the larger sum depending on which method is used to calculate the penalty figure. However, with the advent of new mortgage lenders with cheaper interest rates and friendlier lending terms, banks have taken steps to reinforce their customers; including changing the way the IRD is calculated. Today, for instance, you may find that your prepayment penalty is calculated in the following ways:
  • Using posted rates as opposed to discounted ones, which significantly increases the penalty.
  • Basing their penalty calculations around a variety of factors including bond rates.
  • Rounding off to the next longest remaining mortgage term, and many others.
What this means for you as a customer is that your mortgage penalty is likely to be extremely high, or you may find yourself stuck with your current mortgage provider in order to avoid incurring an exorbitantly high penalty. Unfortunately, unless you are an insider in the mortgage industry, you may also find yourself unable to calculate the rate personally, forcing you to rely on the formulas that your lending partner has come up with. Fortunately, there are ways to avoid finding yourself in this situation or at least significantly reduce the penalty you pay to your mortgage lender.
How to protect yourself from high penalties
Whether you are just starting to shop around for a mortgage or are looking to offload a current one in favour of a friendlier option, the following strategies can help you avoid paying a hefty penalty:
  1. Read your mortgage contract thoroughly: Take time to completely go through your contract before signing the document. Ensure you find out exactly what penalty you will be expected to pay in case you decide to break your contract early. Ask your mortgage agent to clarify how the penalty will be calculated and if possible, have a lawyer or other mortgage professional go through the document with you. Make sure to seek clarification on terms you do not understand and ensure that you are clear about any other costs associated with breaking your mortgage early. Ensure to read the fine print and only sign when you are completely satisfied with the terms of the mortgage.
  1. Understand, and take advantage of pre-payment clauses: Pre-payment clauses allow you to pre-pay up to 20 per cent of the balance of your mortgage annually without incurring a penalty. Pre-paying your mortgage allows you to significantly reduce the amount of your mortgage so that you can decrease the penalty you have to pay for breaking the contract. In addition, you can often take advantage of the end and beginning of a calendar year to double your prepayment in order to bring the mortgage balance down even further. For example, you could pay the first instalment at the end of December, and the other as soon as the financial year begins in January. Pre-payment allowances can vary from lender to lender so ensure you understand what options you have.
  1. Ensure that the contract allows you to break your mortgage: One of the most crucial things to look out for before signing the mortgage contract is whether the lender will allow you to break the contract early. Some lenders have clauses built into the contract prohibiting you from breaking it early and ensuring that you pay a very hefty penalty in the event that life circumstances force you to break it unintentionally. Sometimes, these types of “restrictive” mortgage products can come with lower rates. These lower rates are to make up for the fact you can’t break the mortgage early! These lower rates can be tempting, but without having a complete understanding of the mortgage product and it’s restrictions, they can lead to an unfortunate surprise down the road should you decide to break your mortgage early.
  1. Enlist the help of the Ombudsman for Banking Services and Investments Office: While IRDs remain unregulated for now, consumers with valid complaints may still enlist the help of the OBSI office if they feel that their penalties are too punitive. If you have been unable to successfully negotiate a reduction of the mortgage penalty with your mortgage lender, you can get some help from the OBSI, and even get part of the penalty reimbursed if the office rules in your favour.
  1. Learn how to calculate the penalties yourself: Educate yourself about how the various penalties are calculated in order to avoid situations where your mortgage lender rips you off because you are uninformed. As a rule of thumb, variable rate mortgages will use the three-month interest method, while fixed term mortgages will use the IRD. If you are still unsure on how to go about it, contact a trusted mortgage professional who will be happy to help.
Taking out a mortgage is a great way to get a place to call a home or premises to conduct your business. However, changes in life circumstances, the desire to move somewhere else, or simply wanting to access additional equity can force you to break your mortgage contract early, resulting in hefty penalties from your mortgage lender. Canadian mortgage laws are yet to regulate how the mortgage penalties are calculated, which means that many people find themselves at the mercy of mortgage providers as far as penalties are concerned.
Fortunately, there are a few steps you can take to protect yourself from hefty penalties or at least significantly reduce the amounts you pay upon breaking your mortgage. With a little research, you should be able to discover the methods that work best for you. A mortgage loan will likely be the biggest debt you incur in your life and it’s very important to ensure you have a good understanding of the mortgage product’s terms and conditions. Most importantly, ensure to work with a trusted mortgage professional who can help explain the terms of your mortgage commitment to you, and address your concerns about the associated penalties should you decide to break the mortgage down the road.

Are you looking to invest in property? If you like, we can get one of our mortgage experts to tell you exactly how much you can afford to borrow, which is the best mortgage for you or how much they could save you right now if you have an existing mortgage.

Source: WhichMortgage.ca – By Dan Caird  24 March, 2017

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…mortgages made simple…

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THE RAY C. MCMILLAN ADVANTAGE

The Ray McMillan Mortgage Team  is licensed through Northwood Mortgage Ltd. We deal with major banks, trust, life insurance, finance companies and private lenders. We are licensed to provide the most competitive mortgage rates and terms available for your real estate financing needs throughout Ontario.

OUR SERVICE INCLUDES:

 

  • First and second mortgages
  • Transfers
  • Condominium/Townhouse purchases
  • Home Improvement Loans
  • Construction Loans
  • Debt Consolidation
  • Refinancing
  • Power of Sale
  • Multi-residential
  • Vacant land
  • Cottages and recreational properties
  • Rural and farm properties

 

 

ARE THERE ANY COSTS INVOLVED?

When we arrange a prime residential first mortgage the lender pays us a finder’s fee.This does not affect the rate our terms of the mortgage in any way.

When we arrange any other type of mortgage that does not qualify as a prime residential mortgage then the lender does not pay us. We must then charge a brokerage fee*. The fee is based on the complexity involved to arrange the mortgage.

any-questions

You have mortgage questions, the Ray McMillan Mortgage Team has answers.

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TD under pressure for collateral mortgage


Source: Mortgage Broker News

by Justin da Rosa | 09 Apr 2015
In what brokers hope is a precedent, media pressure appears to have saved a borrower from the hefty discharge costs associated with a collateral mortgage.

“We asked TD to remove the $946,000 lien, but were told to hire a lawyer,” homeowner Shawn Aberle told the Toronto Star. “We found it unfair the problem was back on us and it wasn’t the bank’s problem to lower the lien amount.”

Aberle and his wife took out a $612,500 mortgage and line of credit with TD Bank, and allege that unbeknownst to them, the bank registered a collateral charge totalling $946,000.

And when health issues forced Aberle out of his job, the couple didn’t qualify to access an additional $50,000 in borrowing. Still, banks continue to tout the readvanceable nature of collateral charge mortgages as a major benefit for clients.

“Collateral mortgages provide our customers with flexibility when they need access to affordable credit,” TD spokeswoman Alicia Johnston told the Star. “And may allow customers to avoid additional registration costs when increasing or refinancing a mortgage or with future borrowing.”

However, the Aberles faced challenges when their income profile changed due to the illness.

As is too often the case, say brokers, Aberle had, in fact, been approved for financing from an alternative lender contingent upon the lien being lowered.

Aberle credits Toronto Star columnist Ellen Roseman for TD Bank agreeing to discharge the lien.

“Your name gets things popping,” he said after she had contacted TD Bank.

Collateral charges at TD have won the bank other negative media attention.

CBC’s Marketplace recently went undercover to TD Bank to see how transparent it was about collateral mortgages and the fine print associated with them.

In a follow-up to an original segment about collateral charge mortgages at the bank – which resulted in the major banks promising to be more up-front about the associated stipulations – CBC went undercover to two different TD branches to see how well its mortgage specialists explain the fine print and to “test” the bank’s promises.

At the first branch, the undercover journalist asked the specialist if there was any difference between a TD mortgage – which includes a collateral charge — and one offered at other banks. The specialist failed to mention anything about collateral charges.