The use of Canada’s benchmark rate in administering the mortgage stress test is currently under review, according to an official with the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI).
Canadian Mortgage Trends – Steve Huebl·
It seems as if everyone’s got a side hustle these days. More than 40% of Canada’s millennials have worked in the gig economy over the past five years, according to a study from the Angus Reid Institute, and although they’re bringing in extra cash, their side hustle can be a hurdle to qualifying for a mortgage.
Taylor Little is the CEO of Neighbourhood Holdings and noted that more than one-third of their borrowers now identify as gig economy workers, all of whom have turned to alternative sources after being denied traditional mortgage financing. More traditional mortgage lenders look specifically for stable income streams, making qualifying for a mortgage near impossible for non-salaried employees.
Increasing unaffordability in major urban markets (and even that’s expanding beyond the long-time hotspots of Toronto and Vancouver to areas like Montreal) is coinciding with a decreasing ability for a growing demographic to get a conventional loan. At the same time, people aren’t seeing their incomes grow at the same rate as their housing costs.
There are also more opportunities now for entrepreneurship. People are not only looking for additional income, but for ways to capitalize on preferred skill sets or to engage in more flexible work arrangements. The lending challenge is dealing with multiple income streams that can be based on contract, project, season, or a combination of factors.
Some lenders are changing how they approach self-employed borrowers, but many lenders, particularly banks, are still looking at the challenge of reconciling the non-standard income stream with the framework they have to make lending decisions.
“There’s no doubt a lot of work is being done to change things, but for now, the gold standard for bank lending is to have a T4 showing steady income or six months’ worth of bank statements so you can show regular deposits,” Little said. “If you don’t conform to that, the banks have a really hard time wrapping their heads around making you a big loan.”
Little noted the irony of thinking about concentration risk in a loan portfolio versus borrower income; for a borrower with a steady salaried income, there is 100% concentration risk to their job. If that person loses that job, it goes from 100 to 0, whereas for the gig economy worker, it might go from 100 to 80, with a likelihood that they will quickly fill that gap. Borrowers are looking to diversify their income sources for any number of reasons in the same way that lenders attempt to diversify their funding sources.
“From our end, it’s definitely an area where we can help on the alternative side,” Little said. “We are not originating tens if not hundreds of billions of dollars of mortgage per year. We’re in the hundreds of millions, and because of that, we can build our own systems and look at a borrower’s application more holistically. That’s given us that flexibility to serve this part of the market.”
Around 40% of Neighbourhood Holdings’ borrowers are self-employed, Little said. He sees their role as helping borrowers buy time; they get a short-term mortgage but as they pay off their interest-only loan, they’re working with a mortgage broker to help reframe their situation and income to fit into a bank’s box.
Brokers might even want to make the extra effort to market to self-employed individuals because in many cases, these people are unable to walk into a bank and walk out with a mortgage because they’re often shut out by the banks at first glance. Changing expectations and figuring out a plan to get to their ultimate goal takes time. There’s work that borrowers can do, Little said, but it doesn’t happen overnight.
In actuality, Little said, the credit quality of their borrowers is pretty high, and they’re often some of the best types of borrowers that a lender could ask for.
“It’s not criminals and deadbeats . . . these are some of the scrappiest people that you probably want to lend to. They have three different income sources, or four, and these are people that if, if one contract goes away, they’re good at finding another,” Little said.
Rep. Ayanna Pressley says she is “thrilled” that the House of Representatives passed her bill to reform the credit report system, though the legislation’s future in the Senate is unclear.
The House approved the Comprehensive Credit Reporting Enhancement, Disclosure, Innovation, and Transparency (CREDIT) Act on a mostly party-line vote Wednesday afternoon.
Pressley — who has championed often-arcane financial reform bills during her first term in Congress — says the legislation would address a “fundamentally flawed” system that can impede upward economic mobility in a country where “our credit reports are our reputations.”
“When credit reports determine where you can live, work and how much you will have to pay for everything from a car to a college degree, consumers deserve a system that ensures equity, transparency and accountability,” the Massachusetts congresswoman said in a statement. “American families are finding themselves trapped in cycles of debt, simply for trying to afford basic needs like healthcare and education.”
She also later tweeted about the landmark day.
The Comprehensive CREDIT Act includes measures to make it easier for the estimated 20 percent of consumers who have a “potentially material error” on their credit report to seek corrections; limit the use of credit scores for employment purposes; expand the opportunity for student loan borrowers to improve their credit scores; restore credit to victims of predatory agencies; ban the reporting of debt incurred from “medically necessary procedures” and delay the reporting of other medical debt; shorten the time that most adverse credit information stays on a report from seven years to four years, and from 10 years to seven years in the case of a bankruptcy; and bolster the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s oversight of the industry.
According to CFPB data, the watchdog agency has received more than 326,000 complaints against credit reporting agencies since 2012, which accounts for nearly 22 percent of the total complaints filed during that time period.
According to Pressley’s office, the Comprehensive CREDIT Act comprises tenets of several other bills introduced by fellow members of the House Financial Services Committee. However, the Boston Democrat authored the student loan-focused section of the bill, which would:
Student debt has become an increasing burden for students in Massachusetts. A study in 2018 found that the average debt load for Bay State graduates increased by 77 percent between 2004 and 2016, faster than in any other state in the country except Delaware. According to Pressley’s office, more than 855,000 borrowers owed a total of $33.3 billion in student debt last year in Massachusetts — and nearly 100,000 are behind on their loans.
“Even if we wipe out all student debt tomorrow, the devastating impact on consumers’ credit would remain for years to come,” Pressley said in her speech. “For that very reason, we must give folks a real chance at recovery and repair.”
The bill passed the Democrat-controlled House by a 221-to-189 margin. With the exception of two moderate Democrats who joined Republicans to vote against the legislation, the vote was divided by party lines.
For the legislation to proceed any further, Democrats will likely have to wait until at least another election. Sen. Mitch McConnell, the Republican-controlled Senate’s majority leader, has repeatedly ignored the hundreds of bills passed by House Democrats.
Massachusetts state lawmakers have also recently proposed new protections for student borrowers in the wake of relaxed federal oversight under President Donald Trump.
Rent-to-own is becoming an increasingly attractive option for investors. While the practice isn’t as popular with our neighbours south of the border, here in Canada it is a great option to consider especially with tightening regulations, a complex market and new mortgage rules.
With more than 11 billion people across the country renting, and housing prices becoming more unattainable, tenants are looking for more options and investor interest is brewing on what opportunities are out there.
A rent-to-own strategy is an alternative route to home ownership for buyers who aren’t quite able to purchase their new home but are interested in eventually attaining ownership. It could be a great option for someone who is self-employed, new to Canada or has a damaged credit. The tenant would pay a monthly fee similar to rent, but a portion of that goes toward a down payment for that home. In addition, at the end of the agreed -upon term, the tenant would be in a position to qualify for a mortgage through traditional lending institutions and the property title will transfer to their name.
“There are many people across the country who are so close to getting their own home but need someone on their team like Homeowners Now and our partners that can support them through those last few steps,” said Conrad Field, VP Partnership at rent-to-own company, Homeowners Now.
From an investor’s perspective, rent-to-own is a low risk option that can maximize cash flow, target areas with high appreciation and allow for turnkey operations to occur. “Rent-to-own models have the ability to both grow wealth in strong markets, as well as protect it in a correction,” said Field.
According to him, rent-to-own is like a cross between shorter-term development projects and longer-term buy-and-hold properties. You get the benefit of receiving your capital back with profit in a relatively short time period like a development project, but also the security of monthly rent revenue like with a buy-and-hold. “There are benefits for everyone in the eco-system, from our partners, tenants and the rent-to-own company. As a wealth-building vehicle for our partners, some of those benefits include the security of substantial deposits, additional revenue streams under contract, minimal ongoing management, reduced expenses and more,” he added.
Homeowners Now has partnered with some of the most experienced professionals in the real estate industry to put systems and processes in place to maximize the success of tenants and provide security for their partners. The tenant-first approach is a key aspect of that, according to Field. “We find the tenant, qualify them for our program based on a set of financial criteria and then they pick their dream home on the market that is within the price range they can afford. What’s great about this is the tenant truly gets the house of their choice instead of having to select from a potentially very small list of available properties,” said Field. This means the tenant is more motivated to follow through with the program and likely to have years of happiness in their home. Homeowners Now uses a deferred purchase agreement, rather than a lease option, which is able to provide additional security for investors.
In a new whitepaper, Field shares more detailed information on how to maximize return on investments this year through a rent-to-own strategy. “A lot of people don’t have the time to put these pieces in place and are looking for a hands-off way to get involved. They want their money working for them so they can focus on other priorities,” said Field.
Source: Canadian Real Estate Magazine – 30 Jan 2020
Renovations can take weeks — and sometimes months. That means endless days of subcontractors traipsing through your home, noisy tools, and major dust. Even some minor projects can disrupt your daily routine. Before you begin to remodel, know what’s in store for you and your family.
We’ve highlighted nine common remodeling projects that homeowners are likely to undertake — projects that require professional contractors and that take at least one week to complete.
We also talked with veteran remodeler Paul Sullivan, who has renovated homes for 34 years and is president of The Sullivan Company in Newton, Mass.
Sullivan helped us rate each project on a “disruption scale” of 1 to 10, with 1 being the least disruptive to your everyday home life and 10 the most. If your project reaches a 10, consider getting a hotel room for the duration.
National median cost: $75,000
Time: 8 to 10 weeks
What’s involved: A project that converts unconditioned attic space into a bedroom must include egress windows and at least one closet. Most likely, you’ll extend plumbing, HVAC ducts, and electrical wiring to the attic, and add insulation, drywall, and flooring.
Disruption scale: 3 Luckily, most of the work is in the attic and doesn’t involve your main living areas. You’ll have to put up with contractors moving through the house to get to the top, so provide drop cloths or old rugs to protect your floors. Also, plaster dust from drywall installation and finishing likely will float throughout your home, so you’ll want to change furnace filters every two to three weeks during the project.
National median cost: $7 per square foot
Time: 2 to 14 days
What’s involved: Sanding, staining, and sealing wood floors.
Disruption scale: 9 Whether you’re refinishing one floor or an entire house, the process involves a world of hurt. You have to move furniture and cover surfaces to protect from wood dust, which disrupts the flow of family life. And if you use oil-based sealants, you’ll have to live somewhere else to avoid breathing VOC fumes. Plus, you won’t be able to walk on floors for at least two days after the last coat of sealant is applied.
National median cost: $30,000
Time: 2 to 3 weeks
What’s involved: Turning your outdated bathroom into a dream spa includes updating plumbing fixtures, installing ceramic tile around a porcelain-on-steel tub, replacing an old toilet with a low-flow, comfort-height model, and installing ceramic floor tiles and solid-surface vanity counters.
Disruption scale: 7 to 10 If you’re remodeling your only bathroom, expect major disruption of your personal hygiene routine. You’ll have to wash in the kitchen sink, and install a portable potty in the yard or make friends with a neighbor when nature calls. You’ll have less pain if you have more than one bathroom in the house. Even then, you’ll suffer water outages during plumbing updates. And if you’re remodeling a master bath, you must put up with workman tromping through your bedroom.
National median cost: $65,000
Time: 8 to 12 weeks
What’s involved: Replacing cabinets, installing a kitchen island and countertops, replacing appliances, adding lighting, and changing flooring.
Disruption scale: 8 Kitchens are the heart of the home, so when they’re down, you’ll eat out more, wash coffee cups in bathroom sinks, and hold family meetings in the family room where your microwave and fridge now live. To ease the disruption, your contractor can easily set up a construction sink somewhere by running a couple of hoses from existing kitchen plumbing through the dust wall to a make-shift kitchen in an adjacent room.
National median cost: $35,000
Time: 1 to 2 weeks
What’s involved: Replacing cabinet box fronts, adding new hardware, updating appliances, sinks, and faucets, and installing new flooring.
Disruption scale: 5 Kitchen facelifts are less disruptive merely because they’re finished faster than major remodels. You’re mainly pulling and replacing, so plumbing and electrical can stay put, and you’ll still have access to your fridge until the new one arrives.
National median cost: $40,000
Time: 2 to 3 weeks
What’s involved: Finishing the lower level of a house to create a playspace and video area for kids.
Disruption scale: 2 Seems counter-intuitive, because turning unfinished space into extra living space requires all the finishes of a new addition — electrical, flooring, wall surfaces, and insulation. But the good news: Work is confined to a part of the house you rarely use. Contractors can enter and exit through the basement door (if you have one), and noise and dust are easily confined. The biggest disruptions come from periodic electrical outages.
National median cost: $7,500
Time: 1 week
What’s involved: Removing and replacing roofing moisture barriers, flashing, and shingles.
Disruption scale: 1 Replacing your roof is one of the least inconvenient remodeling projects you can do. You’ll have to put up with some banging, move your cars away from the house, and keep dogs and kids out of the yard during the demolish phase. Roofers will cover the ground around the job to corral debris; and after the job, they’ll go over your yard with a magnetic roller to pick up stray nails.
National median cost: $13,350
Time: 1 to 2 weeks
What’s involved: Removing and replacing old vinyl siding with new vinyl siding.
Disruption scale: 3 You’ll endure lots of banging around your house as the new siding goes up. If noise bothers you, stick in your earbuds and listen to something soothing. Even though contractors will cover the area around the house, expect some debris to litter the yard. Keep curious kids and pets inside while work is being done to avoid accidents.
Source: HouseLogic.com – LISA KAPLAN GORDON